Anemia develops when your blood lacks enough healthy red blood cells or hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a central part of red blood cells and binds oxygen.

If you have too few or abnormal red blood cells, or your hemoglobin is abnormal or low, the cells in your body will not get enough oxygen. 

Symptoms of anemia
The major symptoms of anemia is fatigue which happens when your organs aren't getting what they need to function properly.

Anemia is the most common blood condition in the world. Women, young children, and people with chronic diseases are at increased risk of anemia.

Some important factors of anemia to remember are:
  • Certain forms of anemia are hereditary and infants may be affected from the time of birth.
  • Women in the childbearing years are particularly susceptible to iron-deficiency anemia because of the blood loss from menstruation and the increased blood supply demands during pregnancy.
  • Older adults also may have a greater risk of developing anemia because of poor diet and other medical conditions.

Anemia can be of different types which all are very different in their causes and treatments. The most common type of anemia is Iron-deficiency, which is very treatable with diet changes and iron supplements.

The mild anemia develops during pregnancy and is even considered normal. However, some types of anemia may present lifelong health problems.
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Body Mass Index (BMI)

BMI is a useful measurement for most people over 18 years old. It is only an estimate and it doesn’t take into account age, ethnicity, gender and body composition.

The BMI (Body Mass Index) is used by the medical profession to rapidly and simply decide a person's weight in regard to their height. The BMI factor can be gained and gives a measure which can be used to determine if a person is underweight, of normal weight, overweight or obese. 

Body Mass Index (BMI) is a person's weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters. A high BMI can be an indicator of high body fatness. BMI is one type of tool to help health professionals assess the risk for chronic disease.

Benefits of maintaining a healthy weight
  • Fewer joint and muscle pains
  • Increased energy and ability to join in more activities
  • Improved regulation of bodily fluids and blood pressure
  • Reduced burden on the heart and circulatory system
  • Improved sleep patterns
  • Reductions in blood triglycerides, blood glucose, and risk of developing type 2 diabetes
  • Reduced risk for heart disease and certain cancers.

Excess weight increases how hard the heart has to work, it also raises blood pressure, blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels and lowers HDL (good) cholesterol levels. Excess weight can make a person more likely to develop diabetes.
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